Slava Novorossiya

Slava Novorossiya

Sunday, June 22, 2014


           On this date, 22 June 1941, Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. I will post the information about the battle from Wikipedia.


Corrected the Borders of Finland at the initiation of Operation Barbarossa.
22 June – 5 December 1941
(5 months, 1 week and 6 days)
European part of the USSR, including present-day Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, and Western Russia and Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia
  • Tactical and operational Axis victories until the failed German offensive outside Moscow in the final stage of Barbarossa; p. 24 Soviet Union loses enormous quantity of materiels and men.
  • Strategic Soviet victory; Soviet Union retains Leningrad and Moscow, repels the offensive and eventually defeats Germany and its allies

Commanders and leaders

Units involved
Axis armies
Soviet armies
Frontline strength (June 1941):
3.8 million personnel (Axis) 4,300 tanks
4,389 aircraft
7,200 artillery pieces
Frontline strength (June 1941):
2.68–2.9 million personnel
Overall strength (June 1941): 5,500,000 personnel
15,000–25,000 tanks,
35,000–40,000 aircraft (11,357 combat ready on 22 June 1941)
Casualties and losses
Total military casualties
over 800,000
Total military casualties
over 4,000,000
1Finland was a co-belligerent that launched its own offensive on 25 June. It was not a member of the Axis powers, and the Finnish offensive was coordinated with but distinct from this operation. However, Soviet losses resulting from the Finnish offensive are included in the totals.
25,513 Finns died of their wounds in 1941.

Operation Barbarossa (German: Fall Barbarossa, literally "Case Barbarossa"), beginning 22 June 1941, was the code name for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II. Over the course of the operation, about four million soldiers of the Axis powers invaded the USSR along a 2,900 km (1,800 mi) front, the largest invasion in the history of warfare. In addition to troops, Barbarossa used 600,000 motor vehicles and 750,000 horses. The ambitious operation was driven by Adolf Hitler's persistent desire to conquer the Soviet territories as embodied in Generalplan Ost. It marked the beginning of the pivotal phase in deciding the victors of the war. The German invasion of the Soviet Union caused a high rate of fatalities: 95% of all German Army casualties that occurred from 1941 to 1944, and 65% of all Allied military casualties from the entire war.

Operation Barbarossa was named after Frederick Barbarossa, the medieval Holy Roman Emperor. The invasion was authorized by Hitler on 18 December 1940 (Directive No. 21) for a start date of 15 May 1941, but this would not be met, and instead the invasion began on 22 June 1941. Tactically, the Germans won resounding victories and occupied some of the most important economic areas of the Soviet Union, mainly in Ukraine. Despite these successes, the German offensive stalled on the outskirts of Moscow and was then pushed back by a Soviet counter offensive without having taken the city. The Germans could never again mount a simultaneous offensive along the entire strategic Soviet–German front. The Red Army repelled the Wehrmacht's strongest blow, and forced an unprepared Germany into a war of attrition with the largest nation on Earth.

Operation Barbarossa's failure led to Hitler's demands for further operations inside the USSR, all of which eventually failed, such as continuing the Siege of Leningrad, Operation Nordlicht, and Operation Blue, among other battles on occupied Soviet territory.

Operation Barbarossa was the largest military operation in world history in both manpower and casualties. Its failure was a turning point in the Third Reich's fortunes. Most importantly, Operation Barbarossa opened up the Eastern Front, to which more forces were committed than in any other theater of war in world history. Regions covered by the operation became the site of some of the largest battles, deadliest atrocities, highest casualties, and most horrific conditions for Soviets and Germans alike—all of which influenced the course of both World War II and 20th-century history. The German forces captured over three million Soviet POWs in 1941, who were not granted the protection stipulated in the Geneva Conventions. Most of them never returned alive. Germany deliberately starved the prisoners to death as part of its "Hunger Plan", i.e., the program to reduce the Eastern European population.

Hitler vs. Stalin [PHOTO SOURCE:]

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