Slava Novorossiya

Slava Novorossiya

Wednesday, April 15, 2015


            70 years ago on this date, April 15, 1945, the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp is liberated. I will post information about this concentration camp from Wikipedia and other links.

Memorial stone at the entrance to the historical camp area

52°45′28″N 9°54′28″ECoordinates: 52°45′28″N 9°54′28″E
Lower Saxony, Northern Germany
Operated by
German Army, later Schutzstaffel (SS)
  • Adolf Haas (de)
    (April 1943 – 2 December 1944)
  • Josef Kramer
    (2 December 1944 – 15 April 1945)
Original use
Prisoner of war camp, later civilian internment camp
Jews, Poles, Soviets, Dutch, Czechs, Germans, Austrians
unknown (estimated at 50,000 or more in the concentration camp alone)
Liberated by
United Kingdom and Canada, April 15, 1945

Bergen-Belsen (or Belsen) was a Nazi concentration camp in what is today Lower Saxony in northern Germany, southwest of the town of Bergen near Celle. Originally established as a prisoner of war camp, in 1943, parts of it became a concentration camp. Initially this was an "exchange camp", where Jewish hostages were held with the intention of exchanging them for German prisoners of war held overseas. The camp was later expanded to accommodate Jews from other concentration camps.

After 1945, the name was applied to the displaced persons camp established nearby, but it is most commonly associated with the concentration camp. From 1941 to 1945, almost 20,000 Soviet prisoners of war and a further 50,000 inmates died there, with up to 35,000 of them dying of typhus in the first few months of 1945, shortly before and after the liberation.

The camp was liberated on April 15, 1945, by the British 11th Armoured Division. The soldiers discovered approximately 60,000 prisoners inside, most of them half-starved and seriously ill, and another 13,000 corpses lying around the camp unburied. The horrors of the camp, documented on film and in pictures, made the name "Belsen" emblematic of Nazi crimes in general for public opinion in many countries in the immediate post-1945 period. Today, there is a memorial with an exhibition hall at the site.

1 Operation

1.1 Prisoner of war camp

1.2 Concentration camp

1.2.1 Außenlager (satellite camps)

1.2.2 Treatment of prisoners and deaths in the camp

2 Liberation

3 Aftermath

3.1 Legal prosecution

3.2 Memorial

4 Personal accounts

5 Media
  • The Relief of Belsen (2007 film)
  • Frontline: "Memory of the Camps" (May 7, 1985, Season 3, Episode 18), is a 56-minute television documentary that addresses Bergen-Belsen and other Nazi concentration camps
  • Memorandum (1965 film)

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