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Saturday, September 10, 2016

WILLIE TYRONE TROTTIE (SEPTEMBER 8, 1964 TO SEPTEMBER 10, 2014)



            On this date, September 10, 2014, Willie Tyrone Trottie was executed in Texas for the May 3, 1993 murder of Barbra Nell Canada and Titus Canada. I will post information about this condemned man from several internet source.

  
Willie Tyrone Trottie

Summary:
Trottie and Barbara Canada were lovers prior to her breakup in September 1992. Trottie, who had a Protective Order against him, threatened to kill Canada if she did not return to him by May 1, 1993. Two days later he kicked in the door to where she was staying with her mother and other family members and started shooting her with his .9 mm pistol. Titus Canada grabbed his own pistol and began firing at Trottie, hitting him before being wounded himself. Trottie then found Barbara in the rear bedroom and shot her 6 more times in front of 7 children. He then returned to the living room and shot Titus execution style in the backof the head. He was arrested after driving himself to the hospital in Barbara Canada's car. 


Citations:
Ex parte Trottie, Not Reported in S.W.3d (Tex. Crim. App. 2009). (State Habeas)
Trottie v. Stephens, --- Fed.Appx. ---- (5th Cir. 2014). (Federal Habeas) 


Final/Special Meal:
Texas no longer offers a special "last meal" to condemned inmates. Instead, the inmate is offered the same meal served to the rest of the unit: Baked chicken, green beans, mashed potatoes, bread, and a choice of tea, punch, or water. 


Final/Last Words:
"I love you all. I'm going home, going to be with the Lord. Find it in your hearts to forgive me. I'm sorry." 


Internet Sources:
Texas Department of Criminal Justice - Executed Offenders
Willie Tyrone Trottie
TDCJ: Number 999085
Date of Birth: 09-08-1969
Date Received: 12-15-1993
Age (when Received): 24
Education Level (Highest Grade Completed): 09
Date of Offense: 01/22/2001
Age (at the time of Offense): 23
County of Offense: Harris
Race: Black
Gender: Male
Hair Color: Black
Height: 5' 5"
Weight: 147 lb
Eye Color: Brown
Native County: Harris
Prior Occupation: deliveryman


Prior Prison Record: None. Received a deferred adjudication after being convicted of theft in September 1990 and sentencxed to 5 years in prison.

Summary of Incident: Convicted in the murders of Barbara Nell Canada, 24, and her brother Titus C. Canada, 29. Both were victims of a shooting rampage that also left her mother and sister wounded. Trottie and Barbara Canada were lovers prior to her breakup in September 1992. Trottie, who had a protective order against him, threatened to kill Canada if she did not return to him by May 1, 1993. Two days later he kicked in the door to where Canada was staying with her mother and other family members and started shooting her with his .9 mm pistol. Titus Canada grabbed his own pistol and began firing at Trottie, hitting him before being wounded himself. Trottie then found Barbara in the rear bedroom and shot her 6 more times in front of 7 children. He then returned to the living room and shot Titus execution style in the backof the head. He was arrested after driving himself to the hospital in Barbara Canada's car.

Co-Defendants: None

Texas Attorney General

Friday, September 5, 2014 

Media Advisory: Willie Tyrone Trottie scheduled for execution 


AUSTIN – Pursuant to a court order by the 262nd Judicial District Court of Harris County, Willie Tyrone Trottie is scheduled for execution after 6 p.m. on Sept. 10, 2014. In 1993, a Harris County jury found Trottie guilty of capital murder for the murders of Barbara and Titus Canada pursuant to a planned home invasion. 

FACTS OF THE CRIME 

he United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit described the murders of Barbara and Titus Canada as follows: Trottie and Barbara Canada met and began dating in about 1989. Shortly thereafter, the two moved in together and had a child. In September 1992, the couple separated and Barbara moved in with her family. Trottie’s behavior towards Barbara became increasingly violent following their 1992 separation. According to state witnesses that testified at Trottie’s trial, Trottie warned Barbara that he would kill her if she did not return to him and repeated the threat several times in the months after she moved out. Barbara’s close friend testified that Trottie called Barbara “constantly” at home and at work, begging her to come back to him. Trottie hit Barbara, bumped Barbara’s car with his own while it was traveling at sixty to sixty-five miles per hour, and once kidnapped her, releasing her only after she promised to reunite with him. 

Barbara obtained a protective order against Trottie in March 1993. Nevertheless, state witnesses testified that Trottie telephoned Barbara in April and told her that she had until May 1, 1993 to return to him, or else he would kill her. On May 3, 1993, Trottie called Barbara again and told her that “he wasn't going to wait around anymore” and again threatened to kill her. One witness testified that Trottie also threatened Barbara’s brother Titus Canada because, according to Trottie, he had gotten “in the way.” 

Trottie arrived at the Canada residence at approximately 11 p.m. on the night of May 3, 1993, armed with a semiautomatic 9mm pistol. At the time, there were five children under the age of seven in the house, along with numerous other family members. According to state witnesses, Trottie opened fire immediately, wounding Barbara’s mother, sister, and brother. Barbara’s brother returned fire with a .380 caliber pistol and shot Trottie numerous times. Though wounded, Trottie cornered Barbara in a bedroom and, while she lay on the ground, shot her eleven times. Trottie then returned to the area where Barbara’s brother was lying wounded and, in the view of at least two small children, fired two shots into the back of Barbara’s brother’s head, killing him. Trottie left the Canada home and was arrested a short time later in the emergency room of a nearby hospital. 

PROCEDURAL HISTORY 

On May 3, 1993, Trottie was indicted in the 262nd Judicial District Court of Harris County for the capital offense of murdering Barbara and Titus Canada during the same criminal transaction. After Trottie pleaded not guilty, a jury found him guilty of the capital offense. Following a separate punishment hearing, the court assessed Trottie’s punishment at death. 

On Sept. 20, 1995, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed Trottie’s conviction and sentence in an unpublished opinion. 

On Aug. 18, 1997, Trottie filed a state application for writ of habeas corpus in the trial court.
On July 10, 2008, the trial court submitted findings of fact and conclusions of law recommending that Trottie be denied relief. 

On Feb. 11, 2009, the Court of Criminal Appeals adopted the trial court’s findings and conclusions and denied Trottie habeas relief. 

On March 4, 2010, Trottie filed a federal habeas petition in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division. 

On Sept. 30, 2011, the federal district court denied Trottie’s petition, and denied him permission to appeal.
Trottie sought permission to appeal in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. On June 14, 2013, the Fifth Circuit denied Trottie’s request. 

On Nov. 13, 2013, Trottie filed a petition for writ of certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court. The high court denied certiorari review on March 24, 2014. 

PRIOR CRIMINAL HISTORY 

Under Texas law, the rules of evidence prevent certain prior criminal acts from being presented to a jury during the guilt-innocence phase of the trial. However, once a defendant is found guilty, jurors are presented information about the defendant’s prior criminal conduct during the second phase of the trial – which is when they determine the defendant’s punishment. 

The State presented the following evidence of Trottie’s future dangerousness. Jesse Doyle, a teacher and principal at Bolton High School in Alexandria, Louisiana, testified that he recommended Trottie’s expulsion from school in March 1987. That summer, Trottie stole $3000 of band equipment and other items from the school. Trottie entered a guilty plea to a reduced charge, and punishment was assessed at six months of probation. 

The State also elicited testimony regarding Trottie’s three prior convictions in Harris County. In December 1988, Trottie was arrested at a grocery store for carrying a loaded .38 revolver. Trottie pleaded guilty to the misdemeanor offense of carrying a weapon and was sentenced to 90 days in jail, probated for a period of one year. In July 1990, a Texas Department of Public Safety trooper stopped Trottie for speeding and observed a loaded .45 caliber revolver under Trottie’s car seat. Trottie pleaded guilty to the misdemeanor offense of carrying a weapon and was sentenced to 20 days in jail. In September 1990, the service manager at a Houston car dealership where Trottie worked discovered that Trottie had a stolen car on dealership property. Trottie told the manager that he intended to have the engine removed from the stolen car and placed in a similar car. Police arrested Trottie in the dealership, and Trottie pleaded guilty to the felony offense of theft by receiving. Punishment was assessed at five years deferred adjudication probation. 

Lynn Clark was Trottie’s probation officer from Sept. 24, 1990, until Feb. 25, 1993, when Trottie quit reporting. Clark described Trottie as a hard worker and good probationer, but Trottie was very upset over the breakup with Barbara and implied that he might kill her. As a result, Clark took the unusual step of calling Barbara and advising her to obtain a protective order, which is something she generally did not do in her probationers’ cases. Trottie also told Clark that he was involved in a March 1990 shooting where he wounded an individual after that individual fired at him. 

In October 1992, Trottie and a cousin went to Barbara’s house to visit Trottie’s child. Trottie told Barbara that he just wanted to talk to her, but then he grabbed Barbara by the neck, threw her on the couch, and choked her. After he was forced to leave the house, Trottie shot out the tires on Barbara’s car. Frederick Rusk testified that Trottie once pulled a gun on him in front of Barbara’s house. He heard Trottie was handling his daughter in a rough manner and wanted to talk to him about it. Rusk followed Barbara and Trottie to Barbara’s grandmother’s house. When Rusk got there, Trottie stepped out of a car and fired at him, but the shot did not hit Rusk or his car. Rusk decided not to press charges against Trottie. 

Texas Execution Information Center by David Carson.
 
Willie Tyrone Trottie, 45, was executed by lethal injection on 10 September 2014 in Huntsville, Texas for the murder of his ex-common-law wife and her brother in their home. 

Willie Trottie and Barbara Canada met in 1989, formed a romantic relationship, moved in together, and had a child. The couple separated in September 1992, and Canada moved in with her mother and other family members. Trottie then began threatening and harassing Canada, begging her to return to him. He once bumped her car while she was traveling 60 to 65 miles per hour, and once kidnapped her, releasing her only after she promised to reunite with him. According to witnesses at his trial, Trottie warned Canada repeatedly that he would kill her if she did not return to him. 

In October, Trottie and a cousin went to Canada's house in Harris County to visit Trottie's child. During the visit, Trottie grabbed Canada by the neck, threw her on the couch, and choked her. After he was forced to leave the house, Trottie shot out the tires on Canada's car. Canada obtained a protective court order against Trottie, but the threats and harassment did not stop. In April 1993, Trottie telephoned Canada and threatened to kill her unless she returned, this time giving her a deadline of 1 May. 

On 3 May, Trottie, then 23, came to Canada's house armed with a shotgun. Barbara's brother, Titus Canada, 29, confronted Trottie with a .380 caliber pistol, at which point Trottie departed. He then called the home and said that he "wanted" Barbara and her brother. At 11:00 p.m., Trottie returned. He kicked in the door of Canada's house and began firing a 9 mm pistol, hitting Barbara's mother and sister. Titus grabbed his .380 caliber pistol and began shooting at Trottie, hitting him before being wounded himself. Trottie then found Barbara, 24, in a back bedroom. He shot her eleven times while she lay on the ground, saying, "Bitch, I told you I was going to kill you." He then returned to the living room and shot Titus twice in the back of the head. There were five children under the age of seven in the home. None were wounded, but at least two of them witnessed Titus's murder. Barbara's mother and sister survived their injuries. Trottie drove himself to the hospital in Barbara's car. He was arrested in the emergency room. Numerous witnesses testified for the state that they had heard Trottie's threats against Barbara Canada. One witness testified that Trottie had also threatened Titus Canada for getting "in the way." 

Trottie had a history of misdemeanor theft and weapons convictions going back to high school. He also had a prior felony charge of automobile theft in September 1990. He pleaded guilty and was given a deferred adjudication sentence of five years' probation. He quit reporting for probation in February 1993. 

A jury found Trottie guilty of capital murder in May 1993 and sentenced him to death. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed the conviction and sentence in September 1995. All of his subsequent appeals in state and federal court were denied. 

In an interview with the Associated Press a few days before his execution, Trottie admitted killing Barbara and Titus Canada, but disputed his culpability as a murderer. "There's no doubt I committed this crime," Trottie said. "The dispute is the sequence of how it happened." Trottie said that he shot Titus only after Titus shot at him first, and that his gun "went off" during a struggle with Barbara. "I shot my brother-in-law in self-defense and I shot my wife by accident," Trottie said. 

As Trottie's execution date drew near, appeals filed on his behalf argued that the Texas Department of Criminal Justice planned to execute him with expired chemicals, introducing a risk of "torturous" pain in violation of the Eighth Amendment. TDCJ spokesman Jason Clark stated that the pentobarbital expected to be used on Trottie had a "use by" date of 30 September and that it had been tested for potency and defects. Attorneys for the state argued that Trottie's appeal was merely the latest of several ploys by death penalty opponents to attempt to force the state into disclosing the identities of the pharmacies and labs it contracts with to prepare and test its execution chemicals. The courts have repeatedly denied such disclosure requests in the past. 

Numerous medical web sites minimize the importance of drug expiration dates, explaining they reflect the date of the manufacturer's guarantee, not the date the drug is expected to go bad. "[T]he expiration date doesn't really indicate a point at which the medication is no longer effective or has become unsafe to use," Harvard Medical School's site reads. "Medical authorities state expired drugs are safe to take, even those that expired years ago." The US Food and Drug Administration, on the other hand, advises against using expired drugs, because their effectiveness is not guaranteed. Trottie's last-ditch appeals were denied. 

In his last statement, at his execution, Trottie expressed love to witnesses who came to support him as well as to the relatives of Barbara and Titus Canada. He asked for forgiveness several times. "Find it in your hearts to forgive me," Trottie said. "I'm sorry." After Trottie finished his statement, the lethal injection was started. His eyes closed, then he took about eight quiet breaths. He was pronounced dead 22 minutes later at 6:35 p.m. 

Houston Chronicle

"Houston man executed in deaths of estranged lover, her brother," by Allan Turner. (September 10, 2014 7:42pm) 

HUNTSVILLE – Willie Tyrone Trottie, condemned for the murder of his estranged wife and her brother, went to his death in Texas' execution chamber Wednesday offering apologies to his victims' family. As relatives of Barbara Canada and Titus Canada embraced and sobbed, Trottie smiled faintly, called their names and said, "I hope this brings you some closure. Stay strong. I am going home to be with the Lord. "Find it in your hearts to forgive me. I'm sorry," he continued. "Jesus take me home." Trottie, 45, was declared dead at 6:35 p.m. – 30 minutes after the lethal injection of pentobarbital began flowing. 

Later, relatives of the victims issued a statement saying they were "glad to see justice finally served all these years later. It is time for our family to end this chapter and move on." Trottie's case gained national attention earlier this year when he shared his views concerning his crime, death row and capital punishment with the online publication, gawker.com. In his letter, Trottie denounced his pending execution as a "murdercution." 

The former Houston security guard's death sentence grew out out of a romantic relationship that ended on May 3, 1993 in a bloody shootout at the Canada family home. Trottie insisted that he had fired his 9 mm semi-automatic "in the heat of passion," only after he had been wounded by shots fired by his estranged lover's brother. Trottie said he had gone to the residence to borrow a car. Accounts of the fatal night included in court documents, though, indicate Trottie's appearance at the Canada home came after repeated threats that he would murder Barbara Canada if she failed to return to him. "Bitch, I told you I was going to kill you," he said as he pumped 11 bullets into the 24-year-old woman's body. Titus Canada, 29, was shot twice in the head, and the pair's mother and sister also were wounded. Trial witnesses testified that Trottie frequently telephoned his former lover at home and work and that, on one occasion, he bumped her car with his vehicle at highway speeds. In response to the threats and harassment, Barbara Canada obtained a restraining order barring further contact. 

In state and federal appeals filed days before the scheduled execution, Trottie's lawyers argued that Canada - mother of Trottie's young son - continued their intimate relationship despite the court order. Arguing that Trottie had suffered from ineffective representation, they said that jurors in their client's first trial never heard such testimony - testimony that might have lent credence to his claims of passion and self-defense. Sixteen years passed, they told appeals courts, before prosecutors told Trottie's legal team that a trial witness had privately conceded that Canada "probably had messed with (Trottie's) mind." According to court documents, Trottie and Canada began dating in 1989, later living together in a common-law marriage. They separated three years later. 

In an 11th-hour filing Tuesday with the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, Trottie's lawyers questioned whether state prison officials were truthful when they asserted pentobarbital to be used in the execution would remain potent and pure. Lawyers asked the court to issue a stay and schedule oral arguments concerning the compounding pharmacy-produced drug. Trottie was the eighth Texas killer put to death this year. 

ProDeathPenalty.Com

Trottie and Barbara Canada met and began dating in about 1989. Shortly thereafter, the two moved in together and had a child. In September 1992, the couple separated and Barbara moved in with her family. Trottie's behavior towards Barbara became increasingly violent following their 1992 separation. According to state witnesses that testified at Trottie's trial, Trottie warned Barbara that he would kill her if she did not return to him and repeated the threat several times in the months after she moved out. 

Barbara's close friend testified that Trottie called Barbara "constantly" at home and at work, begging her to come back to him. Trottie hit Barbara, bumped Barbara's car with his own while it was traveling at sixty to sixty-five miles per hour, and once kidnapped her, releasing her only after she promised to reunite with him. Barbara obtained a protective order against Trottie in March 1993. Nevertheless, state witnesses testified that Trottie telephoned Barbara in April and told her that she had until May 1, 1993 to return to him, or else he would kill her. 

On May 3, 1993, Trottie called Barbara again and told her that "he wasn't going to wait around anymore" and again threatened to kill her. One witness testified that Trottie also threatened Barbara's brother Titus Canada because, according to Trottie, he had gotten "in the way." 

Trottie arrived at the Canada residence at approximately 11:00 p.m. on the night of May 3, 1993, armed with a semiautomatic 9mm pistol. At the time, Trottie had visited Barbara's house earlier that day, armed with a shotgun. Barbara's brother Titus confronted Trottie with a .380 pistol, at which point Trottie departed. Before he returned at 11:00 p.m., Trottie called Barbara's home and said that he "wanted" Barbara and her brother. There were five children under the age of seven in the house, along with numerous other family members. 

According to state witnesses, Trottie opened fire immediately, wounding Barbara's mother, sister, and brother. Barbara's brother returned fire with a .380 caliber pistol and shot Trottie numerous times. Though wounded, Trottie cornered Barbara in a bedroom and, while she lay on the ground, shot her eleven times, saying "Bitch, I told you I was going to kill you." Trottie then returned to the area where Barbara's brother was lying wounded and, in the view of at least two small children, fired two shots into the back of Barbara's brother's head, killing him. Trottie left the Canada home and was arrested a short time later in the emergency room of a nearby hospital. 

In the penalty phase of the trial, the state presented evidence that in 1988, Trottie pled guilty in Louisiana to theft of property valued at less than $100. In July 1990, he was arrested in Texas for unlawfully carrying a weapon. He pled guilty to that crime, as well. In September 1990, Trottie was convicted of theft in Texas and placed on probation. He violated a condition of the probation in February 1993. In October 1992, Trottie shot out the tires on Barbara Canada's car.

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