It is because of my respect and adoration of the German Resistance during the Third Reich, that I admire the German Military Intelligence; Abwehr during World War II. They inspired me to change my Blog from Force 1109 to Abwehr 1109. I will post information about this MI from Wikipedia and other links.
|German Resistance Memorial Center|
The Abwehr was a German military intelligence (information gathering) organization which existed from 1920 to 1945. Despite that the Treaty of Versailles prohibited the establishment of a German intelligence organization altogether, they formed an espionage group in 1920 anyway within their defence ministry, calling it the Abwehr with its purpose being the defence against foreign espionage - an organizational role which evolved considerably over time. As part of its implied task of counterespionage, the Abwehr gathered both domestic and foreign information, most of it human intelligence in nomenclature. Under General Kurt von Schleicher the individual military service intelligence units were combined and in 1929, placed under his Ministry of Defence, forming the foundation for the more commonly understood manifestation of the Abwehr. Each Abwehr station throughout Germany was based on military (army) districts and more offices were opened in amenable neutral countries and in the occupied territories as the greater Reich expanded. When Hitler replaced the Ministry of War with the OKW and made the organization part of the Führer's personal "working staff" in June 1938, the Abwehr became its intelligence agency and Vice-Admiral Wilhelm Canaris was placed at the head of the organization. The headquarters (HQ) of the Abwehr were located at 76/78 Tirpitzufer, Berlin, adjacent to the offices of the OKW.
Before the War
Canaris to Spain
Ast / Abwehrstelle
Operational structure in neutral countries
Canaris and Die Schwarze Kapelle
Pre-war activities and Abwehr intrigue
During World War II
Repression and NS complicity
Undermining the regime
The Frau Solf Tea Party and the end of the Abwehr
Effectiveness and Legacy
- 20 July plot
- Dietrich Bonhoeffer
- Eddie Chapman, a prominent British double agent who infiltrated the Abwehr and fed intelligence to MI5 during World War II. He was so trusted by the Germans that he is the only British citizen to ever have been awarded the Iron Cross.
- German Resistance
- Hermann Giskes—Leading light in the Abwehr Englandspiel operation in the Netherlands
- Irish Republican Army – Abwehr collaboration in World War II
- Operation Salaam, a long-range mission into British-held Egypt during World War II
- Oskar Schindler, another Abwehr agent
- Hans Oster, Canaris' deputy
Grams, Grant W.: “Enemies within our bosom, Nazi Sabotage in Canada”, in John Ferris, Jim Keeley, Terry Terriff (eds.) Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 2012.