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Saturday, November 22, 2014


            On this date, November 22, 1946, the Reich Minister of Justice, Otto Georg Thierack, committed suicide by poisoning himself. I will post information about this Nazi Scarface Judge from Wikipedia and other links.

Otto Georg Thierack in 1940

Reich Minister of Justice
In office
20 August 1942 – 30 April 1945
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler (Führer)
Preceded by
Franz Schlegelberger
Succeeded by
Personal details
19 April 1889
Wurzen, Saxony, German Empire
22 November 1946 (aged 57)
Sennelager, Paderborn, Germany
Political party
Nazi Party (NSDAP) from 1932

Otto Georg Thierack (19 April 1889 – 22 November 1946) was a Nazi jurist and politician.

Early life and career

Thierack was born in Wurzen in Saxony. He took part in the First World War from 1914 to 1918 as a volunteer, reaching the rank of lieutenant. He suffered a face injury and was decorated with the Iron Cross, second class. After the war ended, he resumed his interrupted law studies and ended them in 1920 with his Assessor (junior lawyer) examination. In the same year, he was hired as a court Assessor in Saxony.

A meeting of the four Nazis who imposed Nazi ideology on the legal system of Germany. From left to right: Roland Freisler, Franz Schlegelberger, Otto Georg Thierack, and Curt Rothenberger.
Joining of the Nazi party

On 1 August 1932, Thierack joined the Nazi Party. After the Nazis seized power in 1933, he managed within a very short time to rise high in the ranks from a prosecutor to President of the People's Court (Volksgerichtshof). The groundwork on which this rise was built was not merely that Thierack had been a Nazi Party member, but rather also that he had been leader of the National Socialist jurists' organization, the so-called Rechtswahrerbund.

Nazification efforts as Justice Minister of Saxony

On 12 May 1933, having been appointed Saxony's justice minister, it was Thierack's job to "Nazify" justice, which was a part of the Nazis' Gleichschaltung that he had to put into practice in Saxony. After going through several mid-level professional posts, he became Vice President of the Reich Court in 1935 and in 1936 President of the Volksgerichtshof, which had been newly founded in 1934. He held this job, interrupted as it was by two stints in the armed forces, until 1942, when he was succeeded in the position by Roland Freisler.

Roland Freisler shakes hands with Otto Georg Thierack

Persecution and debasement of law as Reich Minister of Justice

On 20 August 1942, Thierack assumed the office of Reich Minister of Justice. He introduced the monthly Richterbriefe in October 1942, in which were presented model – from the Nazi leaders' standpoint – decisions, with names left out, upon which German jurisprudence was to be based. He also introduced the so-called Vorschauen and Nachschauen ("previews" and "inspections"). After this, the higher state court presidents, in proceedings of public interest, had at least every fortnight to discuss with the public prosecutor's office and the State Court president – who had to pass this on the responsible criminal courts – how a case was to be judged before the court's decision.

Thierack not only made penal prosecution of all unpopular persons and groups harsher. "Antisocial" convicts on the whole were much more often turned over to the SS. This usually meant Jews, Poles, Russians, and Gypsies. Soon afterwards, though, he utterly forwent any pretense of legality and simply began handing these people over to the SS. Thierack came to an understanding with Heinrich Himmler that certain categories of prisoners were to be, to use their words, "annihilated through work". Ever since coming to office as Reich Minister of Justice in August 1942, Thierack had seen to it that the lengthy paperwork involved in clemency proceedings for those sentenced to death was greatly shortened.

At Thierack's instigation, the execution shed at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin was outfitted with eight iron hooks in December 1942 so that several people could be put to death at once, by hanging (there had already been a guillotine there for quite a while). At the mass executions beginning on 7 September 1943, it also happened that some prisoners were hanged "by mistake". Thierack simply covered up these mistakes and demanded that the hangings continue.

Suicide after war

After the Allies arrested him, Thierack committed suicide in Sennelager, Paderborn, by poisoning before he could be brought before the court at the Nuremberg Judges' Trial.

Martin Broszat writes Thierack took office had “initiated the final phase of the extreme selloff of justice”. Sarah Schadler perspective this judgment and question whether Thierack had delivered actually generous competencies. He made ​​Himmler promises that he does – as in the case of the controversial approval of Gestapo instead Prosecutor  – not always cheated on the competencies of the To preserve Justice. However Thierack was not fundamentally in opposition to the political police, but he was himself an advocate draconian severity, in the prosecution “racially inferior groups” and he was not interested in the “delivery of social misfits to the police,” he voluntarily gave up skills from.

Thierack was a ruthless “arch-careerist”, “power hungry”, “ambitious” and “scheming” and is described by staff as “hardworking and robust,” “autocratic” and “autocratic”. Thierack of Hitler’s political line was closer than its predecessor and was further nominated in the Political Testament of Adolf Hitler as Minister of Justice.

Thierack was a “fanatical Nazi”, took the steering instruments such as judges letters Urteilsvor and looking up, reporting and control travels influence on the case, eroded the independence of judges and reduced to a “referral freedom”. During his tenure, the number of death sentences rose, less than three percent of e clemency were endorsed by him. For the tightening of the penal system and the handling of night-and-dagger methods Thierack was responsible. In January 1943, Rudolf Hoess led him through the main camp of Auschwitz.


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